Medical care

Complete Dog Vaccination Guide With Schedule & Chart

Vaccination Recommendation for your dog

Dogs, like people, require vaccinations. It is your responsibility to meet all your dog's everyday needs, including frequent medical attention. This is why your dog's vaccination schedule is crucial in preventing it from a variety of deadly diseases.
So, if your dog is due for a vaccination, follow this handy dog vaccine guide:

Why vaccinating your dog is extremely important?

Vaccines are used to prevent rather than cure diseases. To put it in a nutshell, vaccines help strengthen a dog's immune system to guard itself against disease-causing germs. Antigens in vaccines imitate the disease-causing organisms in the immune system of dogs but do not actually cause disease. Dog vaccinations protect dogs against a variety of deadly and highly contagious diseases, including parvovirus infection, canine distemper, and respiratory tract infections. It also protects your dog against diseases that are transmissible to people, such as rabies.

How does vaccination help to boost your dog's immunity?

Dog vaccinations help moderately stimulate the immune system by causing it to identify the antigens. It boosts antibody production, which aids in the identification and elimination of disease-causing bacteria that enter your dog's body. It strengthens your dog's immune system and trains it to resist infections so that if they are encountered again, your dog will either not become sick or have a milder reaction.

What are the diseases that will affect your dog's health if vaccination is not done?

You are putting your dog in danger of catching diseases if you do not safeguard it with vaccinations. And it makes no difference whether they are indoor or outdoor pets. When you do not vaccinate dogs, the microscopic organisms infiltrate your home and attack your dogs. Since dogs lack active antibodies to fight the diseases, they would only be left to degrade.

Rabies, canine parvovirus, hepatitis, canine distemper, canine influenza, leptospirosis, Lyme disease, and kennel cough are among diseases that dogs are susceptible to if they are not vaccinated at an early age.

Do limit the exposure of your puppy to other puppies and dog parks until he's received his vaccinations. This is because they need to be isolated from infections they can pick up from other dogs. On the other hand, you can allow them to meet other dogs and puppies who are healthy and have been fully vaccinated. Wait for at least 10 days from the final vaccinations before you take your puppy outside.

There is some variation according to region, so do discuss a suitable vaccination programme with your local veterinarian. The vaccination will involve an initial course of injections followed by booster injections at various times throughout your dog’s life.

Why do dogs need to be re-vaccinated?

In most fully vaccinated dogs, immunity should last well over a year and frequently for several years. But immunity deteriorates over time and the pace of deterioration varies from dog to dog. This is where re-vaccination has proven to be quite effective in maintaining the best protection against infectious diseases.

As vaccines improve over time, some may no longer require as frequent administration, depending on your dog’s individual condition. Most dogs with low-risk lives can get the core dog vaccinations every three years and any non-core vaccines as needed (most non-core vaccines require annual boosters). Depending on your dog's needs and lifestyle, your vet will discuss the necessity for and frequency of your dog’s vaccination.

What is the duration of immunity after vaccination?

When you vaccinate dogs, the early phases of the immune response are activated within a few hours post-vaccination. A reasonable level of protection is usually achieved after ten to fourteen days. Killed vaccines however may not provide proper protection until the second dose. As a result, even vaccinated puppies should be kept away from dogs or puppies with uncertain vaccination histories until they have completed their vaccination course.

Do follow our dog vaccination chart below:


Primary Dose


Primary Dose


Booster Recommendation
Distemper 3 doses, 2-3-4 months 2 dose, 3-4 weeks apart Annual Highly recommended for all ages
Adenovirus – 2 3 doses, 2-3-4 months 2 dose, 3-4 weeks apart Annual Highly recommended for all ages
Parainfluenza 3 doses, 2-3-4 months 2 dose, 3-4 weeks apart Annual Highly recommended for all ages
Bordetella bronchiseptica 3 doses, 6-9-12 weeks 2-3 doses 3 weeks apart Annual Recommended for dog housed in Kennels, Pounds, etc.
Parvovirus 3 doses, 2-3-4 months 1 dose Annual Highly recommended for all ages.
Optional dose at 5 months- to overcome maternal antibody interference
Lyme Disease : Borrelia burgdorferi Two doses : may be at 12 and 15 wks 2-3 doses 3 weeks apart Annual Optional, has regional prevalence
Corona Virus Begin at 6 weeks & every 3 wks until 12 wks of age 2-3 doses, 3 weeks apart Annual Optional. Incidence not known – Routine vaccination to be justified. MLV not available.
Giardia 8th and 11th wk 2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart 6 months Optional
Leptospirosis 8th and 11th wk 2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart Annual Typically administered in combination with Distemper and ICH
Rabies 3 months of age 1 dose Annual Booster optional but beneficial, IM route ( depends on local statutes).
Some recommend first dose earlier than 3months in endemic/high exposure are

Side Effects after Dog Vaccination

Is it recommended to vaccinate dogs when they are sick?

To begin with, your dog may experience an unpleasant reaction to the vaccine. However, it's possible that vaccinations given to a sick dog will not produce any immunity. As a result, you'll have the false sense of security that your dog is safe when it isn't. Furthermore, your dog's immune system, which is supposed to be battling illness, could be redirected to deal with the shot. Hence it is not recommended to vaccinate your dog when it’s sick.

What are the side effects of vaccinating a dog?

Vaccine side effects in dogs are uncommon. But, if your dog has a reaction to vaccines, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Sluggishness
  • Appetite loss
  • Fever
  • Hives and/or facial or paw swelling
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling or pain in the injection area
  • Seizures, troubled breathing (anaphylactic shock), collapse

Frequently Asked Questions on Dog Vaccination

How frequently do dogs need vaccinations?

There are two lines of thought on providing complete a vaccine for dogs every year. Some vets feel that giving older dogs too many vaccinations can be harmful to their health. Others, however, argue that it is better to vaccinate dogs yearly to protect against deadly infections like distemper. Consult your veterinarian to decide the best vaccination protocol for you and your dog.

What is the ideal age to vaccinate the dog?

What happens if I miss a vaccination shot for my dog?

At what age should you stop vaccinating your dog?

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